HEMP FIBER AND HURD
Hemp fiber and hurd
Hemp fiber and hurd are raw materials that come from the hemp stalk. The bast fiber length and quality depend on the variety of hemp grown and its processing method. Long stalks can yield fibers for textiles and high-quality bio-composites, while the shorter fibers are better suited for insulations, paper, supercapacitors and lower quality bio-composites.
Hemp fiber’s low weight and high tensile strength can provide increased performance in products including composites, textiles, insulations and more.
Hemp hurd is the inner core of the hemp stalk and can serve as a substitute or additive in building materials, composites, paper pulp, animal bedding and more.
Building Materials and Housing
Hempcrete is made from hemp hurds and lime, sand, or pozzolans, which is used as a material for construction and insulation. It weighs only about an eighth of regular concrete weight and can be used for the following:
• Tree-free, dioxin-free paper
• Non-toxic paints and sealants
• Industrial fabrication materials
• Construction materials
• Hemp-cellulose for plastic
Paper, Twine, Textiles, and Fabrics
The long bark fiber is cleaned and spun into threads and yarn for rope or knit or woven into a variety of durable, high-quality textiles for clothing, canvas and fabrics of many types and textures.
• Softer than cotton
• Warmer than cotton
• More water absorbent than cotton
• Has 3x the tensile strength of cotton
• Is many times more durable than cotton
Hempseed oil and Hemp Straw Livestock Bedding
Hemp is high in fiber, fat, and protein, which makes it a possible feedstuff alternative for animal agriculture by substituting soybean in many livestock diets.
Hemp for animal bedding is made from the stalk of the plant. The stem is pulped down to form straw allowing it to better absorb animal waste and leftover pellets. It also helps control bad smells and is very soft for maximum comfort.
• 2x more absorbent than straw or pine shavings
• Higher salvage rate (absorbs 4x its weight)
• Helps trap ammonia and unwanted smells
• Urine spots do not spread like pine shavings or straw
• More comfortable and softer
• High thermal rating
• Biodegradable and natural
• Decomposes faster than pine pellets, sawdust, or wood shaving
Hemp can produce several different types of liquid fuels, a gas and also solid fuels with more than 800 liters of biodiesel per hectare – per year – a greater yield than crops such as soybean, sunflower, peanut or rapeseed. Hemp is also the best sustainable source of plant pulp for…
• Solid fuels (charcoal)